Category: Health

Substance Abuse Screening

Substance abuse is increasingly becoming a problem in today’s society. By definition, it refers to “the harmful or hazardous use of psychoactive substances, including alcohol and illicit drugs” (WHO, 2016). People abuse such substances as marijuana, cocaine, tobacco, alcohol and prescription drugs for many reasons. A proper assessment and screening are important in order to […]

Food Safety

With the development of society, people have received a huge choice of activities, food, and interests. Every year, new possibilities appear to improve people’s lives appear. Nevertheless, even with interesting life and a great variety of choices, a person might have many health problems. However, scientists have been able to solve them during the last […]

Obesity: Set-Point and Positive Incentive Models

Obesity can be described as being among the most prevalent chronic illnesses in the United States. It is attributed to outcomes such as disabilities, death, and even increased health care costs. Due to the enormous number of people who have the obesity, this disease has continually affected and strained the U.S. health care sector. Due […]

Stress Effects on the Excretory and Reproductive Systems

The reproductive system is responsible for the propagation of species, which is equally affected by both internal and external conditions. The hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis is the regulatory axis of the reproductive system. It is regulated by corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) and arginine-vasopressin (AVP). Besides, gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is the major regulatory hormone for the hypothalamic–pituitary–gonadal (HPG) […]